Afghan Biographies

Mohaqeq, Haji Mohammad Mohaqiq

Name Mohaqeq, Haji Mohammad Mohaqiq
Ethnic backgr. Hazara
Date of birth 1955
Function/Grade Ex Second Chief Executive Officer of Afghanistan CEO
History and Biodata

Haji Muhammad Mohaqiq
Phone: 0777403838

1. Former Second Chief Executive Officers of Afghanistan CEO:
Mohammad Mohaqiq (20141000) sacked by Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai (20190124)

2. Previous Functions:
Planning Minister in the Interim Authority (2001),
Sacked as a Vice President (2002),
Wolesi Jirga Member 2005 MP MNA Kabul,
Wolesi Jirga Member 2010 MP MNA Kabul, reelected
Second Chief Executive Officer of Afghanistan CEO (20141000) sacked by Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai (20190124)

3. Biodata
MohaqeqHaji Mohammad Mohaqeq, son of Sarwar, was born 1955 and hails from Mazar-i-Sharif, Balkh Province. He has a bachelor's degree in Islamic studies from Iran. He was· was involved in fighting against the Soviets in the decade from 1978.

He is a Hazara commander who sullied his reputation in 1992 with his involvement in crime in the Karte e Say district of Kabul, ally with Dostum in the Mujaheddin civil war, he is the most interesting leader, from the political point of view, of the Shia minority. He came third, behind Karzai and Qanooni, in the 2004 presidential election, winning the attention of the international observers. “He had consistent financial resources, partly alimented by Iran, the Hazara's traditional sponsor, and a large military force, although this latter goes against the decree eliminating warlords from the election". As we have seen, Mohaqeq surprising sided with Sayaf in the fight for the presidency of the Lower House, even though Sayaf is held responsible for the massacre of the Hazara in Kabul during the civil war in the nineties. Most interestingly, Mohaqeq made it clear that the alliance in the speaker elections was part of a concerted strategy, rather than a once off stance.

He explained that he had resolved to position himself and his faction as supporters of the government, in an alliance between the Pashtuns and the Hazaras. He represented this as a viable political strategy for an ethnic minority, proposing that the Hazaras should recognise that the Pashtuns, as the largest group in Afghanistan, were its natural leaders, in the hope of thus receiving a fairer deal as a minority group. Short term reasons propelling Mohaqeq to this political realignment included the experience of multiple political confrontations between Tajiks and Hazaras in mixed provinces, in which he felt that the Tajik leadership played an uncompromising role. The confrontation which most influenced Mohaqeq's decision was the killing of his MP in Mazar, Ashraf Ramazan, shortly after the elections. However, he found himself in an extremely isolated position in the immediate aftermath of the Speaker elections, when he was widely portrayed as having betrayed his community by supporting a faction leader directly responsible for war crimes against the Hazaras. In addition, his revised assessment of his strength in the Wolesi Jirga is that he has eight core supporters - members elected on his party ticket whom he considers reliable - and twelve members whose candidacy he supported, but upon whose support he cannot rely. This is not enough to constitute a parliamentary political group. He feels deeply frustrated that, with the highest personal vote of any elected member (over 50,000 votes) he finds himself on a par with minor figures, who were elected with as few as 1,500 votes. Mohaqeq has concluded that Hazaras have experienced a higher degree of cooperation in areas where they live jointly with Pashtuns. "The current system has taken the shape of a dictatorship. We want more authority given to the provinces," Hazara leader Mohammad Mohaqiq, told McClatchy Newspapers in Kabul. (20100817)

Mohaqiq supported President Karzai’s re-election in 2009; since then he has been vocally critical of the President. As a key Shia leader, Mohaqiq has the support of many Shia MPs inside the parliament. He feels that Karzai has multiple not observed and violated the Afghan Constitution (20110701).

Mohaqeq bagged most votes in Wolesi Jirga Election in Kabul.

He is the owner of Rah-i-Farda Rahi Farda Rah-e-Farda TV and Radio Station (20111226) which is popular among the Hazara community. Broadcasting manager of Rah-i-Farda TV, Abas Agah, said they had never broadcast such a programme which could spark ethnic tensions. He said if they had any it must be carrying opinions from both sides. “Since there is the freedom of expression, the ministry of information should not attach its hopes to media outlets that they would air programmes in favour of the government,” he added.

Mohammad Mohaqiq described the government as incompetent and said that a decentralized system would solve the on-going crisis in the country.(20120606)

Commission (2012): Justice, Administrative Reform and the Fight against Corruption (Chair, 2011 and  2012)

Unidentified gunmen attacked the office of Hajji Mohammad Muhaqiq, a member of Wolesi Jirga and chairman of the Hezb-i-Wahdat, in the central province of Bamyan.The assault was planned by high-ranking security officials, Mohaqiq said. Mohaqiq claimed the government had stepped pressure on his party after it arranged a series of gatherings in some provinces.(20120607)

According to rumors, Haji Mohammad Mohaqiq, leader of Hezb-e-Wahdat Islami (Islamic Unity Party) of Afghanistan, and a senior member of the national front of Afghanistan has resigned from Afghan parliament due to elections activities for the forthcoming presidential run-off, scheduled April 2014. Mohaqiq will perhaps run for elections together with Dr. Abdullah Abdullah. Abdul Hadi Arghandiwal has been nominated for the first vice-president position. Arghandiwal is one of the promiment members of Hezb-e-Islami (Islamic Party of Afghanistan), and is currently leading the council of Islamic party of Afghanistan. Negotiations are in progress with Dr. Abdullah Abdullah regarding his nomination as second vice-president, however, they have not reached to an agreement so far.(20130923)


The Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs on 20131019 introduced eight individuals to Wolesi Jirga to replace seven members standing down in the run up to the April 5, 2014 elections and one deceased female lawmaker.They replaced resigning MPs including Syed Ishaq Gillani, Syed Hussain Anwari, Abdul Rab Rassoul Sayyaf, Mohammad Mohaqqiq, Shah Abdul Ahad Afzali, Syed Hussain Alami Balkhi, Ibrahim Qasmi and deceased female lawmaker from western Herat, Shehnaz Himmati, who has  died in a road crash in neighbouring Iran.(20131019)

An ethnic Hazara, Muhaqiq's control over the country’s fourth biggest ethnic group is doubted by many with the emergence of former vice president Karim Khalili and new vice president Sarwar Danish. However, his close alliance with Abdullah's camp and his aggressive style of politics mark him as an important figure for the future as deputy to Abdullah.(20140930)

Concerns regarding the establishment of militia forces further heightened after reports emerged regarding an agreement reached between Balkh governor Ata Mohammad Noor, vice president Gen. Abdul Rashid Dostum and deputy CEO Haji Mohammad Mohaqiq.(20151124)


Mohaqiq is married to four wifes and has 10 sons and 11 daughters. His family is living in Iran.(20151124) One wife is called Waheeda.

Waheeda Mohaqeq, is born 1975 and mother of six, acknowledged an interest in politics but said it would be her husband’s decision: “I have to wait for his OK.” She is his third wife and the most educated, having studied English literature in the northern city of Mazar-i-Sharif in the 1990s. A university classmate, Dawood Rahjo, recalled her as a vocal presence on campus.(20170614)

Muhammad Baqer Muhaqeq and Muhammad Ali Muhaqeq, running from Kabul and Balkh for Wolesi Jirga 2018 are sons of Haji Muhammad Muhaqeq, leader of one of the Hazara-dominated parties, Hezb-e Wahdat and second deputy of the chief executive.(20181018)

Mohaqiq has been dismissed by President Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai. Mohaqeq was second deputy for Abdullah Abdullah in 2014 presidential election that lead to form a coalition government with the Ghani team by creating the office of Chief Executive in special decree by Ahmadzai. Mohaqiq is going to run for second vice president in Mohammad Haneef Atmar’s electoral ticket during the Afghanistan July 20th presidential elections.According to the Afghanistan Constitution, any official who runs for elections, should resign from the official post which excludes the President and his both vice presidents, But there is no clarification about the Chief Executive and his deputies. (20190124)

Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah’s deputy spokesman Omid Maisam said Mohaqiq will continue his job as second deputy.

Maisam said Ghani does not have the authority to dismiss people from chief executive’s office, “because he is one side of government and the chief executive is the other side.(20190125)

Baqir Mohaqeq son of Mohammad Mohaqeq, the second deputy to the executive directorate was killed in his house in Kabul. According to reports, Baqer was murdered by his brother, who has mental disorder. Baqir was shot in his head by his elder brother Hussain Mohaqiq while he was sleeping in their home. When servants and guards reacted, Hussain injured four of them. Special units of Afghan forces arrived at the scene and shot at the leg of Hussain. He was taken to hospital later. The Interior Ministry said that the two brothers clashed with each other around 9:30a.m. on Sunday, as a result of which Baqir was killed while five guards were injured. Mohammad Baqer was a parliamentary election candidate in 2019 from Kabul, but he could not bring enough votes to make way to lower house of Parliament. (20200209)

Mohammad Mohaqiq has said he supports people's peaceful political struggle and is not in favor of an armed opposition against the Taliban.(20220313)

Mohammad Mohaqeq speaks Dari and Arabic.

Hizb-e Wahdat-e Islami-ye Mardum-e Afghanistan (Islamic Unity Party of the People of Afghanistan) Leader: Haji Mohammad Mohaqeq Postal Address: House No. 3, Mohammadia Street, Tapa-e Salaam, Karte Sakhi, Kabul, Afghanistan Telephone: 070278276

Last Modified 2022-03-14
Established 2009-10-12