Afghan Biographies

Nehan, Nargis Mrs

Name Nehan, Nargis Mrs
Ethnic backgr. Pashtun
Date of birth 1981
Function/Grade Minister of Mines and Petroleum (and Industries) acting
History and Biodata

1. Former Ministers of Mines of Mines and Petroleum (MoMP) (and Industries)
Muhammad Alam Razim Interim Government, Northern Alliance.
Mir Moh. Sediq (2004-2005)
Eng. Ibrahim Adil (200603).
Wahidullah Shahrani stepped down because of Presidential Election 2014 (20090103-20131000),
Mohammad Akbar Barakzai (20131028-20140930)
Mohammad Akbar Barakzai acting Minister (20141001)
acting Minister of Mines and Petroleum Mir Ahmad Jawid Sadat (20141209)
Daud Shah Saba (20150127-20160328 resigned)
Acting minister of Mines and Petroleum Mrs. Ghazal Habib Ghazal Habibyar Safi Ghezal Habib Yar Safi  (20160416, 20160505, 20160824)
Nomininated Mrs. Nargis Nehan ( 20170327, 20171204 rejected and acting 20180103)

Deputy Ministers of Mines:
Eng. Muhammad Akram Ghayasi Ghiasi (20100104)
Eng. Abdul Qudoos Hamidi (20100100, 20150514)
Mrs. Ghezal Habib Yar Safi Ghazal Habibyar-Safi (2016)
Deputy Minister for Financial and Administrative Affairs: Abdul Jamil Hares  Eng Abdul Jamil Haris (20140811)
Deputy Minister for Mine Affairs: Eng. Naseer Ahmand Durani (20140930)
Ibrahim Azhar, Deputy Minister of the MoMP (20150524)
Deputy Minister for Policy and Programs: Mir Ahmed Javid Sadat, Ahmad Jawed Sadat (20160824, 20170404)

Chief of Staff of the Ministry of Mines and Petroleum (MoMP)
Shafiqullah Shahrani (20150202)
Speaker Spokesman Spokesperson Ministry of Mines and Industries:
Mohammad Rafee Sediq Mohammad Sediqi Rafi Sediq, former TOLO journalist  (20141005, 20150211)
Muhayuddin Noori (20160718)
Zabihullah Sarwari (20170420)

Abdul Qadeer Mutfi, Abdul Qadir Mutfa (20180222, 20190227)

MEC report lists reasons behind corruption in MoMP

The Independent Joint Anti-Corruption Monitoring and Evaluation Committee (MEC) in a report has listed ‘a defiant anti-corruption campaign’, political interferences, foreign meddling as main reasons behind corruption vulnerabilities at the Ministry of Mining and Petroleum (MoMP).

In addition, the MEC findings identify weak handling of contracts and political influence in decision making process among factors contributing to corruption in the ministry.

The MEC report says illegal mining, inadequate salaries, weak mining audit, revenue collection, illegal interference of local officials in revenue collection and their involvement in illegal mining are other problems of the ministry.

Making the report, the MEC interviewed 266 experts and evaluated 66 contracts from October 2017 till July 2018 in Kabul, Parwan, Panjshir, Balkh, Nangarhar, Badakhshah, Samangan, Herat and Kandahar provinces.

MEC head Bari Salam, while unveiling the results of the research, said the MoMP had also made some achievements like hiring of employees through the Independent Civil Services and Administrative Reform Commission (ICSARC), signing some Memoranda of Understanding (MoU) with concerned government institutions for greater cooperation.

However, he said the mining ministry still faced many issues such as lack of understanding between the authorities concerned, lack of capacity within the ministry and its provincial branches.

Vulnerabilities and danger of corruption

Bari Salam said weaknesses in the anti-corruption system, poor governance, unsatisfaroy connectivity of the ministry with provinces, political influence in decision making and some other areas were vulnerable to corruption in the ministry.

He said the MEC during its report refrained from naming corrupt individuals and only focused on reasons behind the corruption and its vulnerabilities.

Lapses within the contract process and illegal mining

The MEC report says many lapses take place in the process of warding mining contracts and these lapses cause corruption.

Bari Salaam said many procedures of contracts remained unexplained and the required scrutiny did not take place. Before awarding contracts, all necessary documents of the company concerned should be scrutinized carefully, he said.

He said the MEC findings showed the process of contract provision was lengthy and weak and this problem allowed external interferences in the process.

He said event today most of the illegal mining involved powerful individuals, members of Parliament, illegal armed groups and the Taliban on a large scale.

Weak internal audit

The MEC report said internal audit did not happen on a high standard and auditors were badly affected by personal benefits, gifts and other presents offered to them by the institutions being audited.

Salaam said the mining ministry’s audit had been weak and not up to standard and the auditors were bribe-fed.  He said the ministry has nine auditors and of them two would be retiring.

Revenue Collection

The MEC report says local officials and different government institutions without any legal authority were involved in revenue collection of the mining ministry or involved in illegal mining.

 “No report about available deposits, their exact rates and average production is available and there is no monitoring of the production, this is why the revenue could not be properly collected,” he said.

Low salaries and meddling in hiring process

The MEC report say low salaries of employees force them to misuse their authorities in personal interest.


2. Previous Function Mrs. Nargis Nehan:
Director General of the Treasury Department at the Ministry of Finance (20120609)
Vice Chancellor of Kabul University at the Administration and Finance Department 

Senior Administration and Finance Advisor to the Minister of Education

Senior Planning and Coordination Advisor to the Ministry of Higher Education
Founder and Executive Director of EQUALITY for Peace and Democracy (EPD) (2010, 20140303)
volunteered as a short-term advisor to the Minister of Interior to assist the Ministry with the establishment of the Afghan Public Projection Force (APPF) as a state-owned enterprise
appointed as Minister of mines and petroleum (20170328)
Minister of Mines ( 20170327, 20171204 rejected and acting 20180103)

3. Biodata:
Mrs. Nargis Nehan Narges Nihan was born 1981 in Afghanistan and holds a master’s degree in Business Management and has received international training in the areas of leadership, result-based budgeting, gender budgeting, strategic planning, good governance, peace building and conflict resolution. She is a breast cancer survivor.(20190603)

She came from a middle class family that had to leave the country during war, struggled as refugees. Nehan spoke of escaping the war as a child and starting a new life as a refugee in Pakistan. When she realised that her family could not afford to pay for her education, she started working with local NGOs for Afghan refugees to put herself and her siblings through school, ultimately earning a master's degree in business administration. She was working for the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC)when she got a chance to return to Afghanistan after the fall of the Taliban. NRC sent her to Kabul to help them set up their office. Later she decided to stay and work with the new government's Assistance Co-ordination Authority.

In 2007 she co authored a book with Ashraff Ghani Ahmadzai: The budget as a linchpin of the state: Lessons from Afghanistan.

Nehan is a member of the Civil Society Joint Working Group (CS-JWG), the Afghan Coalition for Transparency and Accountability (ACTA), and the Supreme Council of the Central Bank of Afghanistan. She was the first female Member of Afghanistan Central Bank's Leadership.

President Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai has ordered the appointment of Nargis Nehan as the Minister of mines and petroleum.(20170328) The Afghan lawmakers however did not cast confidence votes in favor of Nargis Nehan who was rejected as the minister of mines and petroleum after receiving 107 votes. Nargis Nihan, the nominee for the Ministry of Mines, was been rejected by MPs after not receiving enough votes. She received 107 confidence votes, 93 no-votes, and 15 abstentions were recorded. Nihan needed 113 confidence votes to secure the ministry of mines and petroleum. (20171204)

Asked if she was concerned that the Taliban would not approve of her holding a powerful position, she said:  “It’s OK if they don’t approve of me; I also don’t approve of them. In fact, I reject them.”(20190603)

She speaks Pashtu and English

Last Modified 2019-06-03
Established 2017-03-28